Vocational Education in India

Vocational education  is also known as skill based education. These courses enable a student to be employable with specific skills as they find employment in the food, fashion and hotel industry. These are non-academic skills related to a particular vocation.They are also known as Technical Education, Career and Technical Education (CTE) or vocational Education and Training (VET) as they directly develop expertise in a particular group of techniques or technology through manual or practical classes.


Vocational Courses in India


There are over hundreds of vocational courses that students can pursue after Class 10 and 12. These are grouped under the major areas of agriculture, business and commerce, engineering and technology health and paramedical, home science and humanities. The design consists of theory and practice relating to the vocational field, related subjects, language and general foundation studies.

Vocational Careers in India


In a country like India, where many children are not ale to pursue higher education after Class 10 or 12, there are no dearth of opportunities. Some of the careers that one can pursue after completing a vocational course are: 

  • Ophthalmic Techniques
  • Medical Laboratory Techniques
  • Auxiliary Nursing & Midwifery
  • X-Ray Technician
  • Healthcare Sciences
  • Health and Beauty Studies
  • Fashion Design & Clothing Construction
  • Textile Design
  • Design Fundamental
  • Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology
  • Electronics Technology
  • Geo Spatial Technology
  • Foundry
  • IT Application
  • Bakery and Confectionery
  • Front office
  • Transportation System & Logistic Management
  • Life Insurance

Entrance Exams for Vocational Courses


The institutes have their own entrance exam as there are no specific state or national level exams for vocational studies. Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI ), Mumbai, Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga (MDNIY), New Delhi, Arch Academy of Design (ARCH), Jaipur, Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan are some of the colleges offering vocational courses

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