Your concern for environment can take the shape of career as Environmental Scientist in future with the right education and training. Environmental Science is one of the fast growing field that can offer you a variety of career opportunities. Environmental Scientists apply their knowledge of the natural sciences to develop programs that protect the environment and promote health in the general population.
Understanding the issues involved in protecting the environment—degradation, conservation, recycling, and replenishment—is central to the work of environmental scientists.
Environmental Scientists have options of specialization in sub-fields such as:
- Environmental ecology and conservation
- Environmental chemistry
- Environmental biology
- Fisheries science
Academic Qualifications for Environmental Scientists
The requirement for environmental scientist is M.Sc. Environmental Science after completing B.Sc. Environmental science or a bachelor's degree in any discipline of science namely zoology, botany, physics, chemistry, biology, agriculture science etc. Students can specialize in ecology environmental planning, pollution biology, environmental laws etc.
Role of an Environmental Scientists
Environmental scientists and specialists are generally involved in the following activities:
- Determine data collection methods for research projects, investigations, and surveys.
- Study environmental impact or design monitoring systems.
- Collect environmental data, such as samples of air, soil, water, food, and other materials, for scientific analysis and assess the threats to environment.
- Control or fix environmental problems.
- Creates awareness among government officials, businesses,
and the general public on possible environmental hazards and health
- Prepare technical reports and presentations that explain their research and findings.
Skills Required to Environmental Scientists
- Scientific data analysis skills: Environmental scientists and specialists base their conclusions on careful analysis of scientific data. They must consider all possible methods and solutions in their analyses.
- Interpersonal skills: They work on teams with scientists, engineers, and technicians. Team members must be able to work together effectively to achieve their goals.
- Quick thinking skills: Try to find the best possible solution to problems that affect the environment and people’s health.
- Presentation skills: Environmental scientists and specialists often give presentations that explain their findings, and they need to convince others to accept their recommendations.
- Writing skills: Environmental scientists and specialists write technical reports that explain their methods, findings, and recommendations.
Scope of Environmental Scientists in India
Candidates who have completed M.Sc in Environmental Science find employment in government and private sectors. They can get jobs in several government organizations like Pollution Control Board, Water Authority and Urban Planning. Some companies recruit Environmental Science graduates for the post of Project Manager. They can also work as Environmental Consultant for Central or State government offices. Environmental scientists also work in Indian Forestry Services, fertilizer plants and food processing companies as Managers. Other jobs present for graduates in this field are an Environmental Journalist in newspapers and magazines. Many NGOs are growing in working on the issues regarding the environment so, one can also join these organizations.