Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), one of the oldest medical research bodies in the world is the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research. Its  main focus has been in biomedical research and the need of finding practical solutions to the health problems of the country. 

History of ICMR

In 1911, the Government of India set up the Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA) with the specific objective of sponsoring and coordinating medical research in the country. There were several changes made in the organisation and activities after Independence and was redesignated as the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in 1949. However, even after functioning for several years, the Council is aware that it still has miles to go in pursuit of scientific achievements as well as health targets.

Research Areas of ICMR

The main research areas of the Council are:

  • Control and management of communicable diseases
  • Fertility control
  • Maternal and child health
  • Control of nutritional disorders
  • Developing alternative strategies for health care delivery
  • Research on major non-communicable diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, blindness, diabetes and other metabolic and haematological disorders
  • Mental health research and drug research (including traditional remedies)

Intramural Research

Intramural research is carried out currently through the Council's 26  Research Institutes/Centres and address specific research areas like tuberculosis, leprosy, cholera and diarrhoeal diseases, viral diseases including AIDS, malaria, kala-azar, vector control, nutrition, reproduction, immunohaematology, oncology, medical statistics, etc; 

5 Regional Medical Research Centres that address regional health problems, and also aim to strengthen or generate research capabilities in different geographic areas of the country.

Extramural Research

  • Extramural research is promoted by ICMR by setting up centres for advanced research in areas around existing expertise and infrastructure in selected departments of Medical Colleges, Universities and other non-ICMR Research Institutes.

  • Task force studies which emphasise a time-bound, goal-oriented approach with clearly defined targets, specific time frames, and often a multicentric structure.

  • Open-ended research on the basis of applications for grants-in-aid received from scientists in non-ICMR Research Institutes, Medical colleges, Universities etc. located in different parts of the country.

Fellowship Offered by ICMR

In addition to research activities, the ICMR encourages human resource development in biomedical research through

  • Research Fellowships
  • Short-Term Visiting Fellowships
  • Short-Term Research Studentships
  • Various Training Programmes and Workshops conducted by ICMR Institutes and Headquarters

ICMR Centers

  1. National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad (NIN), Hyderabad
  2. National Centre for Laboratory Animal Science, (NCLAS) Hyderabad
  3. Food and Drug Toxicology Research Centre, (FDTRC) Hyderabad
  4. National Animal Resource Facility for Biomedical Research, (NARF-BR) Hyderabad
  5. National Institute for Research in Tuberculosis (NIRT), Chennai
  6. National Institute of Epidemiology (NIE), Chennai
  7. National Institute of Malaria Research (NIMR), Delhi
  8. Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna
  9. National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health (NIRRH), Mumbai
  10. National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune
  11. Microbial Containment Complex (MCC), Pune
  12. National AIDS Research Institute (NARI), Pune
  13. National Institute of Occupational Health, Ahmedabad
  14. National Institute of Pathology (NIP), Delhi
  15. National Institute of Medical Statistics (NIMS), Delhi
  16. National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research (NICPR-ICMR), Noida
  17. Vector Control Research Centre (VCRC), Pondicherry
  18. National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED), Kolkata
  19. National Institute for Research in Tribal Health (NIRTH), Jabalpur
  20. National Center for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR), Bengaluru
  21. Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Center, (BMHRC), Bhopal
  22. National Institute for Research in Environmental Health (NIREH), Bhopal
  23. National JALMA institute for Leprosy & Other Mycobacterial Diseases, Agra
  24. Centre for Research in Medical Entomology (CRME), Madurai
  25. National Institute of Immunohaemotology (NIIH), Mumbai
  26. Enterovirus Research Centre (ERC), Mumbai
  27. Genetic Research Centre, Mumbai
  28. Desert Medicine Research Centre (DMRC), Jodhpur
  29. Regional Medical Research Center, Port Blair
  30. Regional Medical Research Center, Bhubaneswar
  31. Regional Medical Research Centre, Dibrugarh
  32. Regional Medical Research Center, Belgaum
  33. ICMR Virus Unit, Kolkata


Indian Council of Medical Research
V. Ramalingaswami Bhawan
P.O. Box No. 4911
Ansari Nagar
New Delhi - 110029

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