The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts National
Defence Academy and Naval Academy (NDA & NA) Examination for
admission to Defence Forces viz; Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force wings. The
examination is administered twice in a year. Candidates with 10+2 qualification can write this examination for admission. Candidates who qualify in the written test need to appear for selection test conducted by Service Selection Board (SSB).
The finally selected candidates for the three services viz, Army, Navy and Air Force are given preliminary training both academic and physical for a period of 3 years at the National Defence Academy which is an Inter-Service Institution.
The training during the first two and half years is common to the cadets of three wings.
(b) Naval Cadets - B. Tech Degree*
(c) Air Force Cadets - B. Tech Degree*/ B.Sc/B.Sc (Computer)
*All the cadets undergoing B.Sc/B.SC(Computer)/BA Degree programme shall be awarded the degree on the successful completion of Academics, Physical and Service Training at NDA.
All the cadets undergoing B Tech programme shall be awarded the B.Tech degree on the subsequent Pre Commissioning Training Academies/ Institutions/ Ships/ Air Craft.
are required to fulfill all the eligibility criteria before applying for
the examination. The admission will be provisional and are strictly
subject to satisfy the following eligibility criteria
A candidate belonging to the categories of (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)
should have a certificate of eligibility issued by the Govt. of India.
However, candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal are not required to
submit the certificate of eligibility.
19-22 year age candidate who possess the eligibility criteria are eligible to apply for the NDA and NA Examination.
who have produced their original 10+2 or matriculation or other
equivalent pass certificates at the time of SSB interview and have got
them verified by the SSB authorities are not required to again submit
the same to Army HQ or Naval HQ.
The orginal certificates issued
by the Principals of the Institutions are also accepted in cases the
Boards/Universities are yet to issue the certificates. However,
photostate copies of such certificates will not be accepted under any
Candidates must be
physically fit and mentally be fit according to prescribed physical
standards for admission to National Defence Academy and Naval Academy
Exam. Many qualified candidates are however rejected on medical
grounds. Therefore, the candidates are advised to do a thorough medical
check up before submitting their application form to avoid further
disappointment at the final stage of selection.Guidelines for Physical Standards For Admission To NDA:
is advisable to the candidates to rectify any kind of minor defects or
ailments in order to speed up the finalisation of medical examination
conducted at the Military Hospital after being recommended at the SSB.
Few of such common ailments and defects include:
(a) Wax (Ears)
(b) Deviated Nasal Septum
(e) Under Sized Chest
Standard Height/Weight chart For Army/Air Force
|Height in Centimeters (Without Shoes)
|| Weight in Kgs|
Standard Height/Weight chart For Navy
|Height in Centimeters (Without Shoes)
|| Weight in Kgs|
|| 16 yrs
||20 yrs |
P.S. Candidates who
have under various disciplinary grounds withdrawn or resigned from any
of the training academies of Armed Forces are not eligible to apply.
NDA & NA Examination Registration Process
- Candidates are required to apply online by using the official website upsconline.nic.in
- Candidate are required to fill in all appropriate information such
as name, father’s name, mother’s name, date of birth, category, contact
details, educational qualifications, etc.
- The application process is finally complete with the payment of the application fees.
NDA & NA Examination Application Fees
- All Candidates (except SC/ST/Sons of JCOs/NCOs/ORs who are exempted
from payment of fee) are : Rs. 100/- (Rupees one hundred only)
payment can be made either offline by depositing the cash in any SBI
Branch or online through net banking facility of State Bank of
India/State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur/State Bank of Hyderabad/State
Bank of Mysore/State Bank of Patiala/State Bank of Travancore or by
using Visa/MasterCard Credit/Debit Card.Note:
who have opted to pay the application fees by cash, should get a print
out of the system generated Pay-in-slip during Part-II registration and
deposit the same at an SBI Branch counter immediately on the next
A candidate who is or has been declared by the Commission to be guilty of:
- The candidates can only permitted to submit one single application
form. However if he/she submits multiple applications, it must be
ensured that the application with the higher RID is complete in all
respect including appropriate details of the applicants, examination
centre, signature, photograph, application fees etc. The UPSC will only
entertain the application with higher RID (Registration ID). The fees
paid against one RID shall not be adjusted against any another RID.
- Candidates who are already a Government servant which includes
candidates working as Sailors (including boys and artificers
apprentices) of the Indian Navy, in the Armed Forces, students of Sainik
Schools run by Sainik Schools Society, Students of Military Schools
(formerly known as King George's Schools), Cadets of Rashtriya Indian
Military College (previously known as Sainik School, Dehradun),
Government owned industrial undertakings or other similar organizations
or in private employment should apply online directly to the UPSC.
- Incomplete applications in any form or applications without the
prescribed application fees are subject to be rejected. The commission
decision is final and no further representation regarding such rejection
shall be entertained under any circumstances.
- No supporting certificates for SC/ST/OBC, fee remission, educational
qualifications and age are required to be submitted along with the
application form. Therefore, the candidates should ensure that they are
completely eligible to apply.
- Candidates who have successfully passed their written test are not
required to submit any of their original certificates. They must bring
along their original Matriculation or other equivalent examination
certificates to the Services Selection Board (SSB). Candidates who
qualify at the SSB interview, are required to produce all the original
certificates soon after the interview.
- The original certificates will be returned to the candidates after
the completion of the verification process. Candidates who have cleared
10 plus 2 exam carry with them all their original pass certificate or
mark sheet for the SSB interview. However, if any claim made by the
candidate is found incorrect, disciplinary action will be taken by the
UPSC under the following grounds:
(i) By any means have obtained support for his candidature, or
(ii) impersonating, or
(iii) procuring impersonation by any person, or
(iv) submitting documents which are fabricated or documents which have been tampered with, or
(v) Suppressing material information or making false or incorrect statements
(vi) Anyone resorting to any irregular or improper means in connection with his/her candidature for the examination, or
(vii) use of unfair means during the examination, or
(viii) writing irrelevant matter in the answer script such as pornographic matter or obscene language, or
(ix) Any kind of misbehaving in the examination hall , or
(x) Doing bodily harm or harassing the UPSC Staff for the conduct of their examination, or
(xi) Possessing or using any kind of electronic devices or equipment, pager Bluetooth, mobile phone during the examination, or
(xii) Any violation of instructions with the admission certificates permitted by the UPSC to take the examination, or
attempting to commit or as the case may be abetting the Commission of
all or any of the acts specified in the foregoing clauses, may in
addition to rendering himself liable to criminal prosecution be liable (a) to be disqualified from the examination and/or
(b) to be debarred either for a specific time or permanently -
by the Central Government from any employment under them, (ii) by the
UPSC from any selection or examination held by them; and(c) if he/she is already under Government service to disciplinary action under the appropriate rules. Provided that no penalty under this rule shall be imposed except after:
giving the candidate an opportunity of making such representation, in
writing as he may wish to make in that behalf; and (ii) taking the
representation, if any, submitted by the candidate within the period
allowed to him into consideration.Travelling Allowance:
III Tier to and fro railway fare or bus fare including reservation cum
sleeper charges will be provided for the candidates appearing first time
for an SSB interview. However, candidates who apply for the same type
of Commission twice or thrice will not be given any kind of travelling
NDA & NA Examination Pattern
The exam pattern for National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination given below
- Subject: Mathematics
Duration: 2-½ Hours
- Subject: General Ability Test
Duration: 2-½ Hours
- The Mathematics and Part "b" of General Ability Tests will be bilingually set in both Hindi and English
- In the question papers, wherever necessary, questions involving the metric system of Weights and Measures only will be set.
- Candidates under any circumstances will not be allowed to take help
of a scribe to write answers for them. Hence, they must write the paper
on their own.
- The Commission have discretion to fix the qualifying marks in any or all the subjects at the exam
National Defence Academy and Naval Academy ExaminationExam Centres
should carefully decide about his/her choice of center for examination,
while filling up the application form. If any candidate appears in some
centre other than the one indicated by the UPSC, the papers of such
candidates will not be valued and their candidature will stand
cancelled.Given below is the list of Examination Centres
- Port Blair
There will be a ceiling on the number of candidates allotted to all the centres except Nagpur, Kolkata, Dispur and Chennai.
NDA & NA Examination Selection Process
- The selection of the candidate are depended on two-stage selection
process - Psychological Aptitude Test and Intelligence Test at Selection
Centres/Air Force Selection Boards/Naval Selection Boards.
- All the candidates will be put to stage-one test on first day of
reporting at Selection Centres/Air Force Selection Boards/Naval
Selection Boards. Those candidates who qualify at stage one will further
be admitted to the second stage. Candidates after qualifying stage II
are required to submit their Original Certificates along with one
Photostat copies each of -
(i) Original copy of the Matriculation pass certificate or other equivalent certificate in support of date of birth
(ii) Original 10+2 pass certificate or other equivalent certificate in support of the educational qualification.
NDA & NA Examination Syllabus
The syllabus for both National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (I) and (II) are same
Paper-I Mathematics (Total Marks: 300)
Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams. De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation.
Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers—basic
properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of
numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and
vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic
equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear in equations of
two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem
and its applications. Logarithms and their applications.
- MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS:
Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix,
basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square
matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or
three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrical
ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple
and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions.
Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.
- ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS:
Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in
various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line.
Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of
parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic.
Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points.
Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction
Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various
forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of
- DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS:
Concept of a real valued
function–domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one
to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits -
examples. Continuity of functions - examples, algebraic operations on
continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and
physical interpretation of a derivative - applications.
of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function
with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function.
Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions.
Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
- INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:
as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts,
standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric,
exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals -
determination of areas of plane regions bounded by
Definition of order and degree of a
differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples.
General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution
of first order and first degree differential equations of various types -
examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.
- VECTOR ALGEBRA:
Vectors in two and three dimensions,
magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of
vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot
product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors.
Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in
- STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY:
Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency
distribution—examples. Graphical representation - Histogram, Pie Chart,
frequency polygon—examples. Measures of Central tendency - Mean, median
and mode. Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison.
Correlation and regression.
experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually
exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union
and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite
events. Definition of probability - classical and statistical -
examples. Elementary theorems on probability - simple problems.
Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem - simple problems. Random
variableas function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples
of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.
PAPER-II GENERAL ABILITY TESTPart ‘A’—ENGLISH (Total Marks: 200)
question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s
understanding of English and workman like use of words. The syllabus
covers various aspects like: Grammar and usage, vocabulary,
comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s
proficiency in EnglishPart ‘B’—GENERAL KNOWLEDGE - (Total Marks: 200)
The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects : Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events.
The syllabus given below is designed to indicate the scope of these
subjects included in this paper. The topics mentioned are not
to be regarded as exhaustive and questions on topics of
similar nature not specifically mentioned in the syllabus may
also be asked. Candidate’s answers are expected to show their
knowledge and intelligent understanding of the subject.
- Section ‘A’ (Physics)
Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume,
Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure
Barometer. Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s
Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces,
Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary
ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of
Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of
transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple
musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection
and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye. Natural and
Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law,
Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of
Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells,
Use of X-Rays. General Principles in the working of the following:
Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer,
Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone,
Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening
Conductors, Safety Fuses.
- Section ‘B’ (Chemistry)
Physical and Chemical changes.
Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical
Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties
of Air and Water.
Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen,
Nitrogen and Carbondioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and
salts. Carbon - different forms. Fertilizers - Natural and Artificial.
Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink,
Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder. Elementary
ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular
- Section ‘C’ (General Science)
Difference between the
living and non-living. Basis of Life - Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues.
Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of
Human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and
Food - Source of Energy for man. Constituents of
food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System - Meteors and Comets, Eclipses.
Achievements of Eminent Scientists.
- Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.)
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and
Civilisation. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian
Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year
Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community
Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State,
Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
Forces shaping the modern
world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American
Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian
Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one
World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism.
Role of India in the present world.
- Section ‘E’ (Geography)
The Earth, its shape and size.
Lattitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line.
Movements of Earth and their effects. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their
classification; Weathering - Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and
Volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition;
Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and
Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of
Climate, Major Natural regions of the World.
Geography of India - Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power
resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial
activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of
India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.
- Section ‘F’ (Current Events)
Knowledge of Important events
that have happened in India in the recent years. Current important
world events. Prominent personalities—both Indian and International
including those connected with cultural activities and sports.
SSB Interview - Intelligence and Personality Test
SSB procedure consists of two stage Selection process - stage I and
stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I are permitted to
appear for stage II. The details are:
(a) Stage I
comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture
Perception & Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be
shortlisted based on combination of performance in OIR Test and
(b) Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing
Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference. These tests are
conducted over 4 days. The details of these tests are given on the
personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors
viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and
the Psychologist. There are no separate weightage for each test. The
mks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the
performance of the candidate holistically in all the test. In addition,
marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance
of the Candidate in the three techniques and decision of the Board.
All these have equal weightage.
The various tests of IO, GTO and
Psych are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like
Qualities and their trainability in a candidate. Accordingly candidates
are Recommended or Not Recommended at the SSB.